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Where there is no law, but every man does what is right in his own eyes, there is the least of real liberty
Henry M. Robert

Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors 45 years later

Young activists of the People’s Movement reproduce the first public protest launched by Ukrainian Sixtiers during the Kyiv premiere of Sergei Parajanov’s film
23 September, 2010 - 00:00

On September 4, 2010, 45 years passed since the Kyiv premiere of Sergei Parajanov’s legendary film, Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors. Incidentally, the film’s premiere was allowed in Ukraine only a year after the film was shown in world’s cinemas and received international acclaim. The reason for such a delay was that director Parajanov categorically refused to show Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors in Russian translation, explaining this by the fact that language is one of integral artistic elements of the film. Both the film and its premiere were deeply symbolical. Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors is a high-quality film, showing masterly work by the director and revealing the previously obscure Hutsul traditions and folkways — a film which, in its time, conquered the world. (The Polish magazine Ekran wrote in 1966: “This is one of the most amazing and refined films that we have seen in recent times.”) Parajanov’s film is a rare phenomenon, which shows an integral and authentic ethnic culture with the help of art, thus becoming a bright manifestation of this culture.

Kyiv’s premiere of the film is linked with the young Ukrainian intellectuals who openly stood against the state totalitarian system. In commemoration of the 45th anniversary of the event the civic organization Young People’s Movement organized a showing of Parajanov’s film in the Kinopanorama Cinema. It began with a reenactment of the events that took place in early September 1965.

“On September 2 we first learned that Svitlychny, the Goryn brothers, and a whole number of young composers and artists were detained,” the participant and witness of the protest action, former political prisoner Oles Serhienko explained. “That was the authorities’ reaction to the partial awakening of civic consciousness among Ukrainians — a result of the democratization processes that took place during the Khrushchev Thaw. Ivan Dziuba decided to use the premiere of the film Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors to speak publicly about the arrests. The hall was full before the film started. After the speech of Parajanov, Dziuba went on stage, and after several cheers started speaking about the mass arrests among the Ukrainian intelligentsia and announced the names of detained persons. Someone tried to push Dziuba off the stage. Then Viacheslav Chornovil called upon those who disagree with such policy to rise in protest. One-third of the audience stood up. Then — in 1965 — after the film Vasyl Stus approached the microphone. Though he was not supposed to take part in the action, he publicly declared his support for Dziuba and Chornovil, emphasizing that ‘everyone should rise in protest, today Ukrainians are arrested, tomorrow it will be Jews or Russians.’”

After the actions Dziuba and Chornovil were fired, whereas Stus was expelled from his postgraduate course. Soon after that a new wave of arrests began. According to dissident Vasyl Ovsienko, it was during the premiere of Parajanov’s film that Stus first made his civic stand. That moment marked the beginning of Stus’ 20-year period of hardships, which ended with his death in a concentration camp on September 4, 1985.

Forty-five years after the premier the hall of Kyiv’s Kinopanorama was once again crowded before the beginning. Most of people present were schoolchildren. They were listening to mp3 players, rather than the dissidents. It was a testament to the gap between the generations, and the loss of traditions. Meanwhile, the state is only pretending to support domestic cinema. Telekrytyka reports that the incumbent Cabinet of Ministers allotted seven million hryvnias for the creation and distribution of national films. Mykhailo Illienko considers that this is enough to finance just one big movie. It may be long before a new Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors appears.

By Viktoria SKUBA, The Day