We remind our readers that the residence of the metropolitans of Bukovyna and Dalmatia turned Chernivtsi into the religious center like Vatican and added it luster of a European capital since it represented the Orthodox church of the whole North-Eastern Europe. Not without reason Dalmatia, a territory between Croatia and Montenegro, joined the metropolitanate. Thus the influence of the Chernivtsi Metropolitanate was felt even in Balkans.
The architectural complex of the Orthodox metropolitans’ residence is a unique work of the environmental art that synthesized the achievements of Western and Eastern civilizations and cultural heritage of the Mediterranean peoples of the Christian age; it consolidated cultures of the world that were reflected in the architectural complex. The residence is Bukovyna’s spirit, symbiosis of styles and cultures of all nations that have ever lived in this country. The creator of the residence could not see it completed because of his illness. Shortly before the construction was finished Josef Hlavka fell seriously ill and had to come back to his father’s castle where he spent several years in a wheelchair. He never had a chance to come back to Chernivtsi after he recovered.
All the works including making of a garden took 10 more years to be finished.
Due to Josef Hlavka’s genius the city acquired the status of a European capital and the Residence of the Orthodox Metropolitans of Bukovyna and Dalmatia, since it was consecrated in 1882, became not only the architectural adornment of Chernivtsi, but also its trademark.
Today the metropolitans’ buildings are occupied by the Yurii Fedkovych National University in Chernivtsi whose administration did its best last year to include the Residence of the Orthodox Metropolitans of Bukovyna and Dalmatia into the UNESCO World Heritage list.
The academic vice-chancellor of the Fedkovych National University of Chernivtsi, doctor in history Tamara MARUSYK was responsible for preparation and including the historical-architectural object in UNESCO World Heritage list:
“Including the Bukovyna residence into UNESCO World Heritage list will allow not only opening the outstanding historical and architectural complex of the 19th century to the world but developing tourism in the region and promoting it abroad since all the international tourist routs will run across the residence and the city. Acknowledging the object will give the smallest oblast of Ukraine additional opportunities to develop and will extend its cultural presence in UNESCO. However, entering UNESCO World Heritage list is only the beginning of the great work. The time of being responsible has come. We have to keep this honorable place. We are doing our best. The university has created the center for UNESCO object management that has five departments. We have also created a supervisory board. The Chernivtsi National University has to urgently prepare a plan for management the Residence of the Orthodox Metropolitans of Bukovyna and Dalmatia. However, there is no money to do it so far.
“We would like to address different ministries to resolve the financial question. The public consultative board decided to approach the regional and municipal authorities and ask them to provide for the money to create this important document in the second half-year. The international recognition is first of all a great common responsibility of the state, local authorities and university; it means that we have a lot of work to do to meet the standards.”
When commenting the situation, head of the department for cultural heritage protection at the Chernivtsi City Council Olena Pushkova emphasized that there is no legislative basis concerning the preservation of the architectural monuments. That is why the protection of the UNESCO object was put on the university. However, it is quite difficult to do it without the corresponding experience, funds, and plan. We would like to believe that the state, local authorities, and university will consolidate their efforts to find money to prepare the plan to manage the UNESCO World Heritage object.